At BRUDYLAB we are specialists in medical nutrition based on the benefits that DHA brings to health and the correct brain and visual development of humans. Our goal is to offer dietary products that mitigate oxidative stress and inflammation associated with diseases, by supplementing the diet. Products that are aimed at oxidative protection and human fertility, to try to optimize brain functionalism and reduce cardiovascular risk factors derived from excess fats in the blood (cholesterol and triglycerides). Food supplements and Food for Special Medical Purposes based on the antioxidant DHA triglyceride (TG-DHA).
Fruit of the Collaboration between the private company and the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biomedicine of the University of Barcelona, in April 2014 we have definitely obtained the European patent for the use of DHA Triglyceride as a cellular antioxidant. We have been pioneers in the study of the antioxidant activity of this antioxidant TG-DHA in human cell cultures1, which we have then confirmed with clinical studies.
ANTIOXIDANT EFFECT OF DHA-TG (Tridocosahexanoina-AOX®)
If Brudy has any degree of merit is because we decided to learn from observing the DHA human physiology, with the intention to imitate it. DHA is an absolute need for brain and retina maturation during the fetal development and also in the lactation period when the needs of DHA are much increased. Needs are more intense during the last quarter of pregnancy and first year of life. The mother is offering DHA to his fetus through the placenta and the umbilical cord that will be continued after delivery through lactation. Mother obtains DHA from her diet, mainly through fish consumption. By analyzing human maternal milk, 87% of DHA present in it can be detected being in the form of triglycerides, and this is the most physiological way to offer DHA to humans thinking in favoring bioavailability.
By analyzing the human maternal milk, we have seen that at least 87% DHA present in it, is in form of triglycerides, and for this reason if we want to get an optimal absorption we should administer it in this chemical form. When looking at the position to which DHA is located in the milk triglycerides of human maternal milk by means of a chromatography, it can be detected that at least 50% of the DHA is located in the central (Sn-2 Position) because all polyunsaturated are competing to be located in this such position to get a better digestive absorption.
Lipases from the saliva, from the stomach and the pancreas are able to break bonds in position 1 and 3 of the triglycerides, liberating the fatty acids located at both ends of the glycerol structure which will be absorbed as free fatty acids. But they are not able to break the bond located in the central position (Sn-2) of the glycerol. The triglyceride is then converted into a monoglyceride, having the DHA molecule in the Sn-2 position, and is being absorbed intact, crossing the entire cytoplasm of the enterocyte to reach the circulating blood in it’s opposite side. Once is in the serum, presence of an LCPUFA in central position stimulates its conversion into a DHA-phospholipid that will be immediately inserted into a cell membrane. A new fatty acid will be randomly inserted in the first position (Sn-1) of the monoglyceride, being converted into a diglyceride, and by placing a polar head in the third position (Sn-3) having a phosphate group and a nitrogen base, the diglyceride is finally converted into a DHA-phospholipid, and is inserted into a cell membrane.
OUR PATENTED SYNTHESIS PROCESS
In BRUDY, we convert fish triglycerides into human-like DHA-TG (assuring that DHA is being placed in the central position). By breaking fish triglycerides, and by eliminating all the types of fatty acids (FA) present in fish oil, except DHA: cholesterol, saturated FA, monounsaturated FA, Omega-6 PUFA, and all Omega-3 PUFA except DHA, we finally get a 70% DHA concentrate, almost free of any other FA. By placing this DHA-concentrate into a reactor with glycerol and enzymes, we obtain Tridocosahexanoin (DHA-TG) through a re-esterification process, having DHA placed in the three possible FA attachments in the glycerol structure, and assuring placement of DHA in the central position, as it’s found in the human maternal milk.
By synthesizing DHA-TG having the DHA molecule placed in central position, both gastrointestinal absorption and conversion into a phospholipid are favored, and the molecule is immediately deposited into a cell membrane. Trials done in human cell cultures have allowed us to conclude that, the larger is the quantity of DHA present in the cell membrane, the more intense is the oxidative protection offered1. This is related with the 6 double bonds present in each DHA-molecule that can be easily oxidized. The cell protects from DHA oxidation by up-regulating production of glutathione. This is a cell activation to produce larger quantities of glutathione in the cytoplasm, around 200% to 300% more than usual.
Tridocosahexanoine-AOX doubles and triples the antioxidant protection of most known antioxidants, both the classical ones such as Coenzyme Q10, vitamin E and vitamin C, as well as the modern ones such as Resveratrol from wine, Lutein, or Quercetin present in onions and apples. All of them are accessing our body through the dietary route, and only the most fat-soluble ones will be able to access into the cell. In contrast, DHA triglyceride acts by stimulating the intracellular glutathione synthesis, the main antioxidant protein (electron donor) of mammalian cells.
If we want is to increase the presence of Omega-3 polyunsaturates, such as EPA and DHA, into the cell membrane, it makes no sense administering Omega-3 fatty acids together with saturated, monounsaturated and Omega-6 PUFA. We must administer concentrated Omega-3 PUFA, but avoiding all other type of fatty acids.
DHA Anti-inflammatory2-Anti-angiogenic and anti-tumoral3 activity
Omega-3 PUFA such as it is DHA, competes with Omega-6 PUFA at the level of the cell membranes. A dose-response bioavailability study shows how they are deposited on the red cell membrane after 30 days of oral administration. The rate of decrease of the arachidonic acid (ARA) Omega-6 is compensated by an equivalent increase in DHA. The change in the erythrocyte membrane is a faithful reflection of what happens in the rest of the cell membranes throughout the body. We observe how the participants who have taken the highest doses reach higher levels of DHA in the red blood cell membranes. No changes are seen in the placebo supplemented group.
INDUCTION PHASE: An Omega-3 LCPUFA enriched diet does facilitate a predominance of these against Omega-6 LCPUFA. When cell destruction occurs, which can be due to multiple causes, cell membrane phospholipids of Omega-3 origin are metabolized to create Prostaglandins and Thromboxanes of the E3 series, and Leukotrienes of the 5 series, showing a clear anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic profiles, and a weak chemotactic activity instead of those generated by metabolites from Omega-6 LCPUFA: Prostaglandins and Thromboxanes from the E2 series, and Leukotrienes of the 4 series, showing clear pro-inflammatory activities.
AMPLIFICATION PHASE: As Corticoids and NSAID’s DHA is also showing inhibitory properties of the kappa-Beta Nuclear Factor (NF-κβ), which is responsible for the amplification of the inflammatory response.4 Its activation derives into a de novo synthesis of new inflammatory mediators as: cytokines (IL-6, IL-8, IL-10), intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAM), vascular cell adhesion molecules (VCAM), Vascular Endothelial Growing Factor (VEGF) and Metalloproteinases, which amplify the inflammatory response and promote neovascularization (angiogenesis) in the affected tissues.
The inhibitory activity of DHA on the activation of NF-κβ explains why DHA is reducing the synthesis of many cytokines such as IL-6, IL-1β, IL-10, TNF-α, and also VEGF that hinders neovascularization (angiogenesis) and the growth of tumors.3
DHA IN ONCOLOGY: Supplementing Omega-3 LCPUFA during a period of time previous to starting a chemotherapy cycle it improves efficacy and also reduces the adverse effects derived of it.4 DHA makes more fluid the cell membranes and improves chemotherapy penetration. The glutathione synthesis induced by DHA inside the healthy cells, let them protect from oxidation induced by the chemotherapy drug showing less and less intense adverse effects. Some already published clinical trials on breast cancer,5,6 and lung cancer 7,8,9 are pointing to it.